ALAN SHIPNUCK Tuesday, January 08, 2019
Salvation beckoned on the other side of the river. It was only a couple hundred yards away, but the churning water of the Rio Grande was the fiercest challenge yet in José de Jesús Rodríguez’s short, hard life. Late at night, when he made his forays for freedom, the river was as black as ink. Underfoot were treacherously slippery rocks and other unseen hazards. Growing up in land-locked Irapuato, Mexico, José de Jesús never learned to swim. Now the chilly water lapped against the teenager’s chin, inviting the darkest fear: “If I slip, I die,” he remembers thinking.
Day after day, for three agonizing months, José de Jesús tried to steal across the Rio Grande, only to be thwarted by its currents and the United States Border Patrol. So many times he wanted to give up and return home, but what kept him going were the people he’d left behind: seven siblings who slept shoulder-to-shoulder on the dirt floor of their one-room, bathroom-less adobe home; a mother who endured seven stillbirths but still found a way to hand-make tortillas seemingly every day; a father he revered but whose body was breaking under the strain of so many years of toil as a laborer on construction sites.
As the second-eldest son, José de Jesús was expected to help provide for the family, which subsisted in part on vegetables grown on their sliver of land. Most nights the kids went to bed aching from hunger. So at age 12 he dropped out of school and began caddying full-time at Club de Golf Santa Margarita, high in the hills of Irapuato. The 20-minute bike ride from José de Jesús’s home transported him to another world. Having spent much of his youth barefoot, he was transfixed by the golfers’ swanky saddle shoes. Luxury cars filled the parking lot, and the air was alive with talk of money to be made in the States. Over time, José de Jesús became consumed with the desire to lift his family out of their meager circumstances. When he was 15, he lit out of Irapuato with only the clothes on his back, a fistful of pesos and the vague promise of America’s opportunity. He had a colorful nickname, too: Camarón (Shrimp), because despite his moreno complexion, his cheeks reddened in the sun.
Camarón spent a week hitchhiking and riding buses, journeying more than 500 miles north to the border town of Nuevo Laredo. By day, he panhandled and combed through garbage cans for scraps of food. He slept under bridges and in public parks. Nuevo Laredo was teeming with coyotes promising safe passage across the border for a few hundred dollars, an unimaginable sum for Camarón. So nearly every night, under the cover of darkness, he tried to conquer the Rio Grande on his own. Sometimes he fought his way to the other side only to be nabbed by the Border Patrol. This was back in 1996, when the policy was simply to put such wayward dreamers on a bus home to Mexico.
Finally, on Thanksgiving morning, a life-changing scrap of information came his way: the short-staffed Border Patrol had a 2 p.m. shift-change that might open a small window of opportunity. At the appointed time, Camarón plunged into the river. His nerve, and the rocks beneath him, held. On the U.S. side he was greeted only by eerie emptiness. He scrambled up the river bank and sprinted across raw land that looked nothing like the American Dream he had glimpsed on TV. Camarón ran until his lungs were on fire and his feet felt as heavy as anvils. Then he ran some more. Finally, he found a deep ditch by the side of a road and took off his clothes — his only clothes — to let them dry in the sun. He collapsed into the dirt, tears of relief streaking his cheeks. “I thought the hardest part was over,” he says.
In fact, it was just beginning.
It’s a few days before Christmas 2018, and Camarón strolls the grounds of Club de Golf Santa Margarita, where he is now a dues-paying member. His former colleagues in the caddie yard hail him like a long-lost brother, but the older members also embrace him, onetime caste differences melting away. Camarón, now 37, is wearing natty Italian togs provided by a clothing company that is wooing him, but his weathered face betrays the hard miles he has traveled, while his soft physique is the result of an old-school disdain for the gym. He takes a seat at the outdoor restaurant, not far from a large poster announcing his annual toy drive for local kids; he has already collected enough to consume an entire bedroom in his modern, two-story house not far from the golf club.
He is home for the holidays, taking a break from the PGA Tour, where he is perhaps the most unlikely rookie ever. In five events during the fall wraparound season, Camarón has made three of five cuts, with his best finish being 41st; his first start of 2019 will be at this week’s Sony Open, in Oahu. He is still finding his footing. In November, upon entering his fancy hotel room at Sea Island, Camarón burst into tears. “Sometimes it is overwhelming,” he says, tucking into a big plate of enchiladas. “I remember when I didn’t have any shoes.”
Camarón hits balls at Club de Golf Santa Margarita, where he grew up caddying.
His long, arduous path to the Tour is spoken of with reverence by those who have walked alongside Camarón.
“He’s a legend,” says Alfredo Ruiz, a regular on the Mexican Tour, where Camarón has won a record 14 times.
“It’s the most unbelievable story I know of in golf,” says Andrés Echavarría, a veteran of the PGA Tour Latinoamérica (LAT), where Camarón is the all-time leading money winner, with $299,609 across four full seasons.
“Among all the Web players, I think there is a general admiration for what José has been able to accomplish,” says Maverick McNealy, who was outdueled by Camarón in the final round of last year’s Web.com event in Newburgh, Ind. “His background is something that very few, if any, professional golfers can even comprehend. To have the kind of success he has had is amazing.”
Latin America is now teeming with accomplished golfers, thanks to the success of the LAT and the resources many national golf federations invested ahead of the Rio Games. Why did Camarón make it all the way to the PGA Tour while so many others have come up short? “I had the hunger,” he says. “When I left my home for the United States, I was pretty sure I would never return and that I would die on the journey. But I wasn’t going to die without a good fight. I’ve always kept that attitude, even today. I’m never going to stop fighting.”
On a stop on his annual toy drive, Camaron hands out toys to children in the rural village of La Caja, just outside Irapuato.
Camarón spent his first night in the United States sleeping in the ditch by the side of the road. The next morning he wandered into the outskirts of Laredo, Texas. The first thing the 15-year-old saw — naturally — was a Walmart. Nearing the store, he heard a group of workmen speaking Spanish. With nothing to lose, he approached to ask for help. The men had papers, so none of them were eager to take on an outsider who could cause them problems. But Camarón has an easy smile and radiates sweetness. He was so young and disheveled the men took pity on him and shared their lunches. One of the workers told him the crew was about to make the 750-mile drive north to Fayetteville, Ark., to deliver roofing equipment. So Camarón replied, “Then I’m going to Arkansas, too.” Upon arrival, they gave him a little cash for his help moving the machinery, but when Camarón wandered into a phone store to buy a prepaid card to call home, the guys ditched him.
A stranger in a strange land, Camarón had never felt more alone. But then the golf gods smiled upon him. During his caddie years, Camarón had fallen in love with the game. He and his older brother Rosendo made their own clubs. They would liberate rebar from construction sites to serve as the club’s shafts. Punctured bicycle inner-tubes were repurposed as grips. For the clubheads they took scrap metal and pounded it into place. At dusk they would roam Santa Margarita, hunting for balls that had been lost in the arroyos. Rosendo has been Camarón’s lifelong coach, and he describes his brother’s swing as “a gift from God. It came so naturally to him. So easily.”
As Camarón hung around the phone store, trying to figure out what to do, he saw another customer unintentionally leave behind an item. In the parking lot, he chased after this Hispanic-American gentleman and caught up to him just as he popped open his trunk, revealing a sparkling set of golf clubs. Camarón eyed them with enough interest that the man asked, in Spanish, if he knew anything about the game. They fell into a conversation about golf and the details of Camarón’s life. This accidental advocate turned out to be the nephew of a maintenance staffer at Fayetteville’s Stonebridge Meadows Golf Club. He knew the greenkeeping crew was short-handed, and just like that Camarón landed a full-time gig, working six days a week, dawn to dusk. His first paycheck, including overtime, was $380. “When they gave it to me I cried,” Camarón says. Then he marched to Western Union and wired every dollar to his mom in Irapuato. Why not put aside a little for himself? “I was used to having nothing,” he says. “For my family back home, that money meant they could eat. I was proud to send it.”
Camarón settled into a crowded apartment with a handful of other members of the maintenance crew; compared with his previous sleeping arrangements, the carpet felt downright luxurious. While certain politicians have spent years demonizing such immigrants as scary and dangerous, Camarón says he and his fellow greenkeepers were obsessed with following the laws of the land. “You only cross the street in the crosswalk,” he says. “If the speed limit is 55, you drive exactly 55. If the [traffic] light turns yellow, you slam on the brakes. You don’t do anything that will attract attention.”
Every payday, Camarón wired home $200 or $300, keeping just enough for himself to survive. After two years, the family had saved enough money for Rosendo and their father Chuche to pay for safe passage across the border and into Arkansas. They worked alongside each other at Stonebridge Meadow and shared an apartment. Rosendo liked to attend to duties at the range so he could study the players and exchange ideas about the golf swing. Camarón had zero interest in the game. “There wasn’t time for it,” he says. “I was working six or seven days a week, from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. I would get home, shower, eat dinner and prepare my food for the next day. Then it was time to go to sleep.” If he had any free time he played soccer in a high-level league that included members of the University of Arkansas team. Camarón says that during his decade in the U.S., he didn’t play one full round of golf.
In 2004, Stonebridge Meadow underwent a change in management, and the Rodriguezes were suddenly out of work. Rosendo and Chuche returned to Mexico, but Camarón stayed in the States for two more years. He did a long stretch as an itinerant field worker, harvesting wheat, corn and strawberries. He also spent a year working at Territory Golf & Country Club in Duncan, Okla.
Finally, in 2006, it was time to go home. Camarón had left Irapuato as a boy and now was returning as a man of 25. His family was still living on the same plot of land, but it had been utterly transformed, largely by the money he sent home: the one-room shanty had been torn down and replaced by a pair of sturdy, two-story homes, with full kitchens and a blessed number of bathrooms. The trajectory of his siblings was also altered, none more so than his younger brother Dany. Rather than have to drop out of school to work, Dany became a standout student who would go on to earn a law degree. When discussing his self-imposed exile, Camarón is matter-of-fact. He had a duty to help his family, and so he did. But the feelings are still deep within him: the longing to see his mother and sisters; the exhaustion from all those grueling hours under a hot sun; the stress of being an undocumented immigrant who was always one misstep away from losing everything. Ask Camarón now how it felt to hug his mom after 10 years apart and all the emotion floods back. He scrunches up his face, puts his head in his hands and then, with watery eyes, says, “I never wanted to let go.”
Camarón with his mother, Yoye, in front of the Virgin de Guadalupe shrine at her home.
Alfonso Vallejo Esquivel is a success story of modern Mexico — he made a small fortune in pharmaceuticals and retired to a nice life playing golf every day at Santa Margarita. But when he’d pull up in his shiny Cadillac, the caddies would scatter, for Esquivel was known as a parsimonious tipper. Once again, the golf gods played matchmaker for Camarón. Not long after returning to Irapuato and the caddie yard, his lack of seniority forced him to take Esquivel’s bag for an early-morning round. Afterward, Esquivel told Camarón he was impressed by two things: his innate understanding of course management, and that he was the only caddie who’d never bitched about not getting a tip.
He asked Camarón to be at the club at 6 a.m. the next morning for his usual dew-sweeping round, but with a catch: If Camarón was punctual, Esquivel promised to double his usual wage; if Camarón straggled in late he would have to work for free. This seemed a safe bet for Esquivel. Down the hill from the club is a cantina where the Santa Margarita caddies gather. “There were many talented players among the caddies, but they wasted their life at the bar,” Camarón remembers. “I wasn’t going to be one of them.” He was waiting on the 1st tee for Esquivel on that fateful morning, and every one that followed.
Esquivel was a mediocre golfer and often asked Camarón to demonstrate on the course the proper way to play shots. Santa Margarita sets aside a handful of days each month for caddies to play the course — Camarón greedily squeezed in as many holes as possible — but hitting shots alongside a member was verboten. Eventually, the club slapped Camarón with a 30-day suspension. When he returned to work, Esquivel begged him to resume his tutorials, but Camarón refused. By now he had the responsibilities of a married man, having wooed a one-time grade-school classmate, Bianca González. (So ubiquitous was Camarón’s nickname growing up that it wasn’t until they were dating that Bianca learned his real name.)
Family man: Camarón outside his Irapuato home with his wife, Bianca, and their son, José de Jesús, 10, and daughter, Ximena, 12.
Esquivel, a doting father to three daughters, came up with a simple solution: he bought Camarón a membership to the club, allowing them to play all the golf they wanted together. “He was like the son my father never had,” says Esquivel’s daughter Mayra Vallejo Urzua. “He admired [Camarón’s] perseverance and he wanted to help him.”
Playing nearly every day, Camarón’s game rapidly accelerated. He was regularly shooting in the 60s on a tight, hilly course with small greens, but he had no grand ambitions. Up to that point, Camarón had never owned a television. He had no concept of what professional golf looked like. But Esquivel knew better. In the fall of 2007, he made his protégé an offer: for two months he would pay all of Camarón’s living expenses so he could prepare for the upcoming qualifying tournament for the Mexican Tour. “I knew it was the chance of a lifetime,” Camarón says. “I worked on my game all day, every day.”
At Q School, he earned status for the 2008 season, during which he won his first tournament, in Puebla, at the age of 27. His long journey through golf’s minor leagues had begun. In 2010, Camarón won four times in Mexico. With winner’s checks ranging from $10,000 to $15,000, he could have stayed on his home tour and provided a comfortable life for Bianca, daughter Ximena and José de Jesus, Jr. But now something had been stirred deep within Camarón. Once again he left his family and headed north, chasing opportunity. In 2011, he won twice on the Canadian tour and topped the Order of Merit, with $80,277. (At that year’s World Cup, he was so star-struck he asked Rory McIlroy for an autograph.) Camarón kept moving up the ladder, and in 2013 he won twice on the LAT to finish second on the Order of Merit.
“He’s one of the most confident players I’ve ever seen,” says LAT vet Echavarría. “There isn’t a flag he won’t fire at.”
Camarón credits Esquivel for this trait: “I could play without fear because he took such good care of me.” Indeed, Esquivel paid all of Camarón’s travel expenses across North and South America but asked for nothing in return. So Camarón devoted himself to paying forward the kindness. At a long-ago tournament, Echavarría witnessed Camarón befriend a young busboy at a restaurant and, hearing of the kid’s family’s struggles, he made him his caddie for the week and paid him lavishly. “I promise you, everywhere this tour has gone there are stories like that,” Echavarría says.
Camarón’s banner season on the LAT earned him a promotion to the Web.com tour for 2014. In 18 starts he had a pair of top-10 finishes but also 10 missed cuts, struggling mightily on the fast greens. “This is why,” Camarón said recently, tapping his putter on the slow, shaggy, bumpy practice green at Santa Margarita.
As Camarón grooves his swing at the Club de Golf Santa Margarita, his brother, Rosendo, keeps a watchful eye.
Finishing 82nd on the Web.com money list was a small setback in an otherwise upwardly mobile career, but tragedy struck in December 2014, when Esquivel was murdered in Irapuato under hazy circumstances. (Says Mayra, “The police suggested an attempted robbery but nothing was stolen.”) Camarón was devastated and felt lost throughout the ensuing season, suddenly worrying about money and what his future held. His funk deepened when his father died of natural causes in early 2016. After another winless year, Camarón says he seriously considered quitting the game. But accessing the same grit that carried him through the unimaginable hardships of his youth, he rededicated himself for the 2017 season with a blistering practice routine. “I decided I wouldn’t play for myself, I would play for them,” he says of his father and of Esquivel, his guardian angel. In ’17, Camarón won two more times on the LAT, scrapping his way back to the Web.com for the following season. He tied for third at the first event of the 2018 season and followed that with three more top-25 finishes. Along the way he earned a measure of Internet fame for the way he audibly sweet-talks his ball. “I have to be nice — the whole family is counting on her!” he says.
In April, Camarón brawled with one of the toughest tracks on tour, Victoria National Golf Club, in Indiana, to earn a spot in Sunday’s final pairing at the United Leasing & Financing Championship. He was playing alongside Maverick McNealy, and so the storyline was inescapable: a 23-year-old hotshot from Stanford and son of a billionaire vs. El Camarón. But tournament golf is the ultimate meritocracy, and the pride of Irapuato won the event and his playing partner’s enduring respect. Says McNealy, “He is very in control of all parts of his game, and on that Sunday that was really apparent. He has played for years and won many times on other tours, and he seemed very comfortable and confident in that situation. He just seemed like a guy who knew how to play within himself and hit the shots he needed to win.”
In victory, an emotional Camarón pointed at the sky. Twenty-two years after he had defeated the Rio Grande, another improbable journey was complete, as the PGA Tour was now within his grasp.
On the morning of Dec. 21, Camarón saunters into the caddie yard at Santa Margarita in his usual good cheer. “I am always smiling,” he says. “It is a gift from God.” He points to one looper and teases, “He’s the most drunk,” then points at another and announces, “No, he is!” But there is a heavy feeling in the air. In low voices, Camarón is informed that, the night before, one of the regulars at the cantina where the caddies gather had been tortured and killed by sicarios. Violent crime in Irapuato — which is midway between Mexico City and Guadalajara — has surged over the last two years as the Jalisco cartel has moved into the area. This most recent murder hits close to home for Camarón, because the dead man was an old friend who lived down the street from the homestead where his mom and siblings still reside.
Camarón leaves Santa Margarita to go check on them, and a number of hard-looking men are loitering on the road that leads to his mother’s house. Camarón personally escorts his visiting journalists into the neighborhood, saying it is necessary to ensure their safety. Once the gate closes at the family home, the tension disappears. Camarón’s sisters pours lemonade for the guests while his mother, Yoye, sits in the shade telling stories. She has never seen her son play golf in person, but the one time she was shown highlights of his Web.com win she burst into tears. Camarón smiles at the memory, then is drawn into a game of futból with his son and some nephews. Their skills are dazzling. When it’s time to leave, Camarón once again plays mandatory escort. With a tight smile, he says, “Welcome to Mexico.”
Camarón in front of the now-empty plot where his one-room childhood home once stood.
Navigating the threat of cartel violence is not the usual concern of a PGA Tour member, but Camarón has become used to the dissonance of traveling between two dramatically different worlds. When the unknown rookie turned up to register at Tour events last fall, he kept getting the same reaction: “They always point [me] toward the kitchen,” he says with a laugh. His visa prohibits him from establishing residency in the U.S., so he travels in and out of the airport in Guanajuato, Mexico, and every time he lands in America “they take me into a little room and ask me many questions,” he says.
Camarón lives modestly, driving a small Hyundai SUV. The cartel’s bad hombres roar around in Escalades with shiny rims. He says he does not worry about his safety in Irapuato because “I came from the streets.” That is, he grew up with many of the men who have now gone to the dark side. Even so, he has applied for a different visa, one that would allow him to live at least part-time in the U.S. A quiet street in Austin, Texas, is the dream (though his daughter, Ximena, says she would prefer Beverly Hills). “I would like a different life for my children,” Camarón says. It is a given that they will go to college. Twelve-year-old Ximena, bright and charismatic, says she wants to be a petro-engineer, while Jose de Jesús, Jr., a charming 10-year-old goofball with his father’s love for fútbol, is intrigued by computer science. Ximena speaks good English and is trying to tutor her father, as is Mike Dwyer, Camarón’s American caddie, who knows no Spanish.
Between the ropes, there are other adjustments to be made. At 5 feet 9 inches, 175 lbs., Camarón looks a bit like Francesco Molinari standing over the ball, and his strike with the irons is nearly as pure. But he is still struggling with the glassy greens on Tour, and his driving distance of 297.3 ranked only 114th on the bombs-away Web.com. He is now finding that missing fairways on the PGA Tour extracts a higher toll. More than anything else, the mental game is a battle. When Camarón makes a couple of bogeys, he sometimes frets about keeping his playing status or how he will cover his expenses without Esquivel to take care of him.
Last November, at the Mayakoba Golf Classic, Camarón earned a third-round pairing alongside Rickie Fowler. He felt he outplayed him tee to green, but Fowler shot a 69 to trump his playing partner by three strokes. Camarón studied him carefully throughout the round. “He was so calm,” he says, wistfully. Recently, Camarón has begun working with a sports psychologist to learn to quiet his mind.
But there is an inescapable burden in knowing that you are playing for something larger than yourself. Illegal immigration has become the most divisive political issue in the country where Camarón now plies his trade, and he says, “I want to set a good example so American golf fans can see we are good people who want to work hard.” In the last year, he has been contacted by a number of blue-collar strivers he labored alongside during his previous stint in the U.S.
“I know they are watching me now,” Camarón says. “They ask me for advice.” And what does he say, with the accumulated wisdom of having twice made the hero’s journey? “Follow your dreams,” Camarón says. “No matter how impossible it seems, they can come true. I’m proof of that.”
“I’m never going to stop fighting,” Camarón says.